This past April, THRHA in partnership with Rain Coast Data and the consulting firm SALT, developed and conducted a tribal housing needs assessment for each of THRHA’s twelve tribal partner communities. The survey asked participants to respond to thirty-five questions about their homes, housing preferences, household costs, and finances. The web-based survey was primarily administered electronically though paper copies were also made available to survey participants. Following are the survey results and analysis from each community. “We were pleased with the number of responses we received to the housing survey,” said Desiree Jackson, Director of Tribal Services. “The survey results provided valuable information that will allow the Housing Authority to work in partnership with each of the tribal partners we serve to develop a unique and comprehensive long-term housing plan.”
The results of the survey, which were compiled by Rain Coast Data was released to each community in a site visit. While each tribal partner had results reflective of their community, some key findings from the survey for Southeast Alaska included:
• The most pressing housing need across the region is more affordable housing, of which 83% of survey respondents say has a high level of demand.
• 72% of respondents acknowledged the need to make existing homes more energy efficient.
• Renovation of existing homes was also identified as high demand by 61% of respondents.
• In a forced ranking exercise of six possible answers, 44% of respondents felt that more single-family housing available for purchase was the most important priority.
• 45% of survey respondents own their homes while 49% rent their homes.
• The average household size of respondents was 3.3 people whereas across all Southeast Alaska homes, the average household size is 2.5.
• There are an estimated 3,545 children in Alaska Native homes in the THRHA communities.
• Across the region, respondents who are homeowners have an average monthly mortgage of$1,301.
• 57% of respondents reported that they are housing cost burden and spend more than 30% of their income on housing.